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This prophecy was the eleventh in a collection of a dozen short books known as the twelve Minor Prophets, coming at the end of the second division of the Heb. The Book of Zechariah emerged from the immediate postexilic period, and is therefore a valuable source of information about a phase of Jewish history which is deficient in extra-Biblical documentation. The historical situation underlying the Book of Zechariah is identical with that which gave rise to the oracles of Haggai.
Both men were contemporaries, and were mentioned together in Ezra and Although they were the first two prophets to be named as living and working in Judaea after the return from exile in Babylonia in b.
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This construction appears regularly throughout the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel and is used regularly in Zechariah 1—8, not only in the introductory formulae of , 7; , but also in ; , 8; , 18 see commentary on b-7, and for implications of this evidence for redaction see the Introduction. In Hag. First, by providing historical information, the writer signals to the reader the importance of this particular context for understanding the words delivered by the prophet and the response elicited from the people.
Of the three dates provided in the book of Zechariah, however, this initial one is the most imprecise, lacking a particular day and providing only the number of the month rather than the number and name of the month cf. The lack of a day formula may merely be due to the constraints of the source from which this message was drawn. While the year to which this prophetic section is dated is clear in Darius Year 2 , there has been some debate over which regnal dating system was employed.
Zechariah 9-14 and Malachi: A Commentary
Ralph L. Smith writes: “The first part of the book of Zechariah chaps. The first date is ‘the eighth month of the second year of Darius’ which would be October, B. This is the only place among the seven dates given in Haggai and Zechariah , where the day of the month is omitted.
Into this situation, the prophet Zechariah (a contemporary of Haggai) More recent studies argue that chapters 9–14 should be dated to the.
A prophet of Judah, the eleventh of the twelve minor prophets. Like Ezekiel, he was of priestly extraction. He describes himself as “the son of Berechiah. His prophetical career began in the second year of Darius B. He was contemporary with Haggai Ezra His book consists of two distinct parts, 1 chapters 1 to 8, inclusive, and 2 9 to the end.
It begins with a preface , which recalls the nation’s past history, for the purpose of presenting a solemn warning to the present generation. Then follows a series of eight visions – , succeeding one another in one night, which may be regarded as a symbolical history of Israel, intended to furnish consolation to the returned exiles and stir up hope in their minds.
The symbolical action, the crowning of Joshua , describes how the kingdoms of the world become the kingdom of God’s Christ. Chapters 7 and 8, delivered two years later, are an answer to the question whether the days of mourning for the destruction of the city should be any longer kept, and an encouraging address to the people, assuring them of God’s presence and blessing.
The second part of the book ch. It is probable that a considerable interval separates it from the first part. It consists of two burdens.
Old Testament: Zechariah
But Wellhausen 1 is probably right in taking the word as a contraction for Hagariah “Yahweh hath girded” , just as Zaccai Zacchaeus is known to be a contraction of Zechariah. In the book of Zechariah Zerubbabel has already fallen into the background and the high priest is the leading figure of the Judean community. It was therefore natural that Haggai and Zechariah should urge the speedy building of the temple, in order that the great king might be fittingly received.
The dating of God’s first message to Zechariah indicates that it fell between two of the messages which Haggai had addressed to the people. Thus both of these.
This book prophesied many of the events considered to have happened in Jesus ‘ life, such as how he entered Jerusalem on a donkey or his betrayal by Judas Iscariot. Scholars believe Ezekiel, with his blending of ceremony and vision, heavily influenced the visionary works of Zechariah 1—8. During the Exile many Judahites and Benjamites were taken to Babylon , where the prophets told them to make their homes,  suggesting they would spend a long period of time there.
His system divided the different colonies of the empire into easily manageable districts overseen by governors. Zerubbabel comes into the story, appointed by Darius as governor over the district of Yehud Medinata. Under the reign of Darius, Zechariah also emerged, centering on the rebuilding of the Temple. The rebuilding of the Temple was encouraged by the leaders of the empire in hopes that it would strengthen the authorities in local contexts. This policy was good politics on the part of the Persians, and the Jews viewed it as a blessing from God.
The name ” Zechariah ” means “God remembered. It has been speculated that his grandfather Iddo was the head of a priestly family who returned with Zerubbabel ,  and that Zechariah may himself have been a priest as well as a prophet. This is supported by Zechariah’s interest in the Temple and the priesthood, and from Iddo’s preaching in the Books of Chronicles. Most modern scholars believe the Book of Zechariah was written by at least two different people.
This has led some to believe that the writer s or editor s of Second Zechariah may have been a disciple of the prophet Zechariah. The return from exile is the theological premise of the prophet’s visions in chapters 1—6.
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Mitchell, Hinckley G. Powis Smith, and Julius A. London: Bloomsbury Publishing UK , International Critical Commentary. Bloomsbury Collections.
Date: 08/27/ Series: HELLO My Name is Key Speaker: Tim Young, Lead Pastor. Tweet. Zechariah ;